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Holiday Guide to Egypt PDF Print E-mail
Holiday Guide to EgyptEgypt lies at the North Eastern tip of Africa, bordering Sudan to the south, Libya to the west and Israel to the east. The northern coast borders the Mediterranean sea and the eastern coast borders the Red sea. Egypt has only two real seasons, a hot summer lasting from May to October, and a mild winter from November to April. The only real difference between the seasons are variations in the daytime temperatures which average between 27 and 32 degrees Centigrade in the summer, and 12 to 21 degrees Centigrade in the winter. The inland desert areas however do vary more, especially in summer, where they can reach as high as 40 degrees in the day time and drop as low as 7 degrees at night. Even though Egypt is about four times the size of the UK, its population centres are more concentrated than ours as most of the population is concentrated along the narrow Nile Valley and Delta which means that about 99% of the population only uses about 5.5% of the total land area.

Egypt is very famous for it's ancient civilization, and it has some of the worlds most famous monuments including the Great Sphinx, and the Pyramids at Giza. At Luxor, a major city in the south of Egypt, you can find the Karnak Temple, and on the west bank of the Nile is the Valley of the Kings - a valley where, for around five hundred years from the 16th to 11th century BC tombs for the kings and nobles of the time where constructed. Luxor is sited on the ancient Theban city which was the capital of Waset the fourth upper Egyptian nome. It was capital of Egypt during part of the 11th dynasty, and most of the 18th dynasty as well. This area has been the focus for much archaeological exploration and this is where you will find the tomb of Tutankhamun.

Cairo is Egypt's capital city and it's the largest city in Africa and has long been renowned as a centre of culture and commerce. Cairo has a unique cityscape with ancient mosques and modern buildings sited side by side, and traveling through Cairo can be like traveling through time as you view all the different buildings from the hanging church which is Cairo's most famous Coptic church and was built in the third century AD, the Cairo Tower and the Mosque of Mohamid Ali built in the early nineteenth century within the Cairo citadel. The name more informally used by most Egyptians for Cairo is 'Masr' from the original name of Egypts first Arab capital fustat meaning 'City of Tents'.
The Nile valley in Egypt shows evidence of human habitation since the Paleolithic era and you can see this evidence in the form of artefacts and rock carvings along the Nile terraces and in the oases you come across in the surrounding desert.

Egypt even has it's fair share of modern resorts these are situated for the most part on the Red sea Riviera. Here you can enjoy the unbelievably clear blue waters and coral reefs that are teeming with marine life. For anyone interested, there are spectacular opportunities for snorkeling and scuba diving in this region.
 
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